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Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a test-tube fertilisation procedure in which a sperm is injected directly into an egg to achieve fertilisation. ICSI is done for male infertility.
By injecting a single sperm directly into an egg, ICSI helps sperm overcome many of the natural barriers they would encounter when fertilising an egg.
In vitro fertilisation is a procedure where the sperm and egg are fertilised in a lab and are implanted back into the uterus after 3-5 days. Ovaries are stimulated to release eggs with the help of drugs and medications, or the doctor goes in accordance with the woman’s natural ovulation cycle.
After fertilisation, the embryo is then transferred back into the uterus.
Embryo culture is a component of in vitro fertilisation wherein resultant embryos can grow for some time in an artificial medium. The duration of embryo culture can be varied, conferring different stages of embryogenesis at embryo transfer. The main stages at which embryo transfer is performed are the cleavage stage (day 2 to 4 after co-incubation) or the blastocyst stage (day 5 or 6 after co-incubation).
The culture of embryos can either be performed in an artificial culture medium or an autologous endometrial coculture, i.e. on top of a layer of cells from the woman's uterine lining. With an artificial culture medium, there can either be the same culture medium throughout the period (monoculture medium) or a sequential system can be used, in which the embryo is sequentially placed in different media, with different formulations based on the different concentration and composition of the tubal and uterine fluid concerning the change in the metabolic activity of the embryo during its development.
Cryopreservation is a procedure to preserve reproductive cells and embryos. It is the most successful method of preserving a man’s or woman's fertility so they can try and have a child(ren) at a later date or donate it. Donated sperm usually has to be quarantined for three or six months and screened for infections before a recipient can use it.
An embryo forms after fertilization and after the cells start to divide. The standard storage period for embryos is normally ten years. Storing the eggs for longer durations does not appear to have negative effects, but as of now, the data present only knows about four years of storage.
Semen analysis is a test that involves analysing a man's sperm and semen. This is a form of fertility test that helps us gauge the sperm count as well as help us understand the shape and motility of the sperm.
A sperm analysis is done to understand if the male is infertile and if that is causing a couple to have trouble conceiving. Besides that, a semen analysis is also done to check if a vasectomy procedure performed was successful.
Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that doesn’t require large incisions, hence it is called keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery. This is performed using an instrument called the laparoscope, a small tube with a light source and a camera. Small instruments are used to conduct the surgery, while the area is pumped with gas to make space. This way is more advantageous and has very fewer chances of complications. Advantages include faster recovery time, less bleeding post-op and minor scars. Complications that could occur include minor bleeding, nausea, or infection.
Infertility treatment helps couples, who are unable to conceive, with conception. There are various types of treatment methods based on the cause of infertility.
In the case of men, infertility can be treated by
In the case of women, infertility is treated by
Intrauterine Insemination refers to an infertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside the female's uterus to facilitate fertilisation. IUI is performed to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and increase the chances of insemination. velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum
IUI is mainly recommended and implemented in case of low sperm count or decreased mobility of sperm. It is a less invasive procedure and less expensive as compared to IVF. IUI is selected as a fertility treatment in certain conditions like unexplained infertility, ejaculation dysfunction, cervical mucus problems etc.
Menopause is when a woman’s life marks the end of the constant monthly menstrual cycles. It is usually diagnosed after a woman undergoes 12 months without her period. Menopause occurs during your 40s or 50s.
It is a natural biological process that comes with many disturbing symptoms like heat flashes, mood changes, weight gain, dry skin, thin hair and dry skin, mental disturbance, lack of sleep, etc.
A menopause clinic is usually consulted to check on the hormonal changes that the woman goes through. There could be changes in the levels of Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen (estradiol), and Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Polycystic ovary disease is a condition where the female body finds an increase in the number of androgens, i.e. the male hormones. This causes a lot of problems, especially relating to your reproductive health. A patient with PCOD could have irregular or no menstrual periods, severe menstrual periods, growth of facial hair, trouble conceiving, etc.
PCOD is caused due to a blend of hereditary and ecological factors. Occurs due to no ovulation, rise in androgen, and well as an increase in ovarian cysts. Unfortunately, there is no cure, but many treatment options are available to make it easier or reduce the symptoms.
High-risk pregnancies are pregnancies that have the chance of developing complications for both mother and child. The risk for high-risk pregnancies increases if the patient is;